Mikulas or Devils Forge

December 6: Saint Nicholas Day

(now better known as Santa Claus)

In several countries in the Old World, December 6 is the day of remembrance of Saint Nicholas. This event is mostly celebrated on the evening before. In the Czech Republic, the name is shortened to Mikulas. Mikulas, accompanyed by devils and often also angles, checks in his ledger which children have been good and which bad. For the bad children, there is the birh rod; the good children get sweets and presents.

mikulas 1

The Dutch brought this tradtion to the young United States or even before that to their colonies (New Amsterdam, now New York) and it became the basis for the Santa Claus tradition which shifted to Christmas Eve.

© The Bear (2016, all images and video's © Rozmberk Society)